August is National Immunization Awareness Month

Vaccines prevent infectious diseases in the people who receive them and protect those who come in contact with unvaccinated infected individuals. 

Vaccinating children against diseases helps protect our community’s and our children’s health.

Be sure your children are up to date on their immunizations!

Below is a schedule of recommended immunizations, but always consult with your child’s pediatrician first. Some of the vaccines may be given as part of a combination vaccine so that a child gets fewer shots. Talk with your doctor about which vaccines your kids need.

Birth

  • HepB: Hepatitis B vaccine. Ideally, the first dose is given within 24 hours of birth, but kids not previously immunized can get it at any age. Some low birth weight infants will get it at 1 month or when they're discharged from the hospital.

1–2 Months

  • HepB: Second dose should be given 1 to 2 months after the first dose.

2 Months

  • DTaP: Diphtheria, tetanus, and acellular pertussis vaccine

  • Hib: Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine

  • IPV: Inactivated poliovirus vaccine

  • PCV: Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine

  • RV: Rotavirus vaccine

4 Months

  • DTaP

  • Hib

  • IPV

  • PCV

  • RV

6 Months

  • DTaP

  • Hib: This third dose may be needed, depending on the brand of vaccine used in previous Hib immunizations.

  • PCV

  • RV: This third dose may be needed, depending on the brand of vaccine used in previous RV immunizations.

6 Months and Annually

  • Influenza (Flu): The flu vaccine is recommended every year for children 6 months and older:

    • Kids younger than 9 who get the flu vaccine for the first time (or who have only had one dose before July 2018) will get it in two separate doses at least a month apart.

    • Those younger than 9 who have had at least two doses of flu vaccine previously (in the same or different seasons) will only need one dose.

    • Kids older than 9 only need one dose.

  • The vaccine is given by injection with a needle (the flu shot) or by nasal spray. The flu shot is preferred for children of all ages because it has been shown to be safe and effective. Although the nasal spray was not used in recent years, a changed version of it is now recommended (for the 2018–2019 flu season) for kids who may otherwise not get a flu shot. The nasal spray is only for healthy people ages 2 through 49. People with weakened immune systems or some health conditions (such as asthma) and pregnant women should not get the nasal spray vaccine.

6–18 Months

  • HepB

  • IPV

12–15 Months


12–23 Months

  • HepA: Hepatitis A vaccine; given as two shots at least 6 months apart


15–18 Months

  • DTaP


4–6 Years

  • DTaP

  • MMR

  • IPV

  • Varicella


11–12 Years

  • HPV: Human papilloma virus vaccine, given in two shots over a 6- to 12-month period. It can be given as early as age 9. For teens and young adults (ages 15–26 in girls and ages 15–21 in boys), it is given in three shots over 6 months. It's recommended for both girls and boys to prevent genital warts and some types of cancer.

  • Tdap: Tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis booster. Also recommended during each pregnancy a woman has.

  • Meningococcal conjugate vaccine: And a booster dose is recommended at age 16.


16–18 Years

  • Meningococcal B vaccine (MenB): The MenB vaccine may be given to kids and teens in two or three doses, depending on the brand. Unlike the meningococcal conjugate vaccine, which is recommended, the MenB vaccine is given at the discretion of the doctor.